Welcome to Prague
Prague is a fairy-tale town of magical beauty sitting at the very heart of Europe. In 1992 the historical core of the city covering 866 hectares was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register. Prague represents a unique collection of historical monuments dominated by the Prague Castle which towers high above the city. It is a display of all artistic styles and movements. The historical core of the city is situated on both banks of the Vltava river and consists of 6 parts - formerly independent urban units unified in the 18th century and you will find here most of the historical monuments, museums and galleries.
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Hradcany Castle (Prague Castle) - www.hrad.cz
The Prague Castle, an ancient symbol of the Czech lands, is the most significant Czech monument and one of the most important cultural institutions in the Czech Republic. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the Prague Castle is the largest coherent castle complex in the world, with an area of almost 70,000 m².
St. Vitus Cathedral
For more than 600 years, the roof of Prague Castle has been overlooked by the towers of St. Vitus Cathedral. The cathedral, whose original name is St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert Cathedral, is the biggest and the most important church in the Czech Republic. It’s the seat of the Archbishop of Prague and the place where saints, kings, princes and emperors of Bohemia are buried.
With construction of the first fortification of the Prague Castle in the 11th century, the place became the seat of Bohemian princes. The buildings belong to three different architectonic periods. There is the Romanesque palace built by Sobeslav I around 1135, whose ruins are in the basement. Then there are palaces built by P?emysl Ottokar II, King of Bohemia and Charles IV that were erected at the site of the old Romanesque palace.
St. George Basilica
St. George's Basilica is just next to the Royal Palace. It is Prague's oldest and best preserved Romanesque structure, dating from the 10th century.
Golden Lane (Zlatá uli?ka) is located on the eastern side of the castle, only a short walk from St. George's Basilica. This short lane, named after goldsmiths who used to live here in the 17th century, is one of the most picturesque streets of Prague. Golden Lane is very popular amongst tourists for its tiny colourful houses built right into the arches of the castle walls.
Charles Bridge surely ranks as the most important tourist attraction in the city and should be the first item on your list of sights to see. Early morning is the best time to experience a less crowded walk, although a romantic evening walk through the impressively lit streets of Prague by night is nice too. Expect hundreds of souvenir stands as well as an endless variety of street musicians playing their hearts out for you as you stroll across.
Old Town Square
The square had always been a lively place; today it is a popular part of the town for both Czechs and visitors from abroad, and offers plenty of restaurants, pubs, shops, entertainment, galleries and museums.
The Astronomical Clock
Prague's Astronomical Clock is one of the oldest and most elaborate clocks ever built. It was first installed in 1410 and later the clock was rebuilt by the Master Hanus in 1490. The clock is composed of three main components: the astronomical dial, representing the position of the sun and moon in the sky and displaying various astronomical details, ‘The Walk of the Apostles', a clockwork hourly show of figures of the Apostles and other moving sculptures, and a calendar dial with medallions representing the months.
Visits & Excursions
Worth to do and visit:
… take a tour on the footsteps of the Habsburger and see the Prague Castle and the summer Palace in the lesser town
… in search of Franz Kafka, go in the old town, at the Golden Lane and see the new Jewish Cemetery
… in search of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart you should visit the Bertramka Museum
… enjoy the most beautiful gardens in Prague – Royal Garden, Waldstein garden, Ledebour and Palfy Gardens
… visit the National Gallery, The Strahov Monastery, The Sternbeck Palace and the St. Georg’s Convent
… book a typical dinner in one of the beer pubs with or without folkloric show
… take a Vltava River cruise with or without dinner on board and enjoy an evening at Laterna Magica
… visit some of the very well known castles in the area such as Karlstein, Konopiste, Kriklovat, Nelahozeves, Orlik, Zvikov, Hluboka or Cesky Sternberk
… plan a nice excursion to Melnik – the heart of bohemian viniculture and book a wine tasting in the Melnic Castle
… go to see Pilsen – the beer capital of the country
… go to the famous world known SPA cities such as Karlovy–Vary or Marianzka Lazne
… see Kutna Hora – the ancient mining town
… visit Lidice and Terezin with national monuments of World War II
… go to South Bohemia and visit Cesky Budejovice and Cesky Krumlov
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